The population of the province is 4,450,000 and the average density is 147 people per square kilometer. The province is divided into 15 administrative districts. The administrative center is the city of Tashkent, which has a population of more than 2 million. There are 16 towns in the Province; the largest towns are Angren, Almalik, Akhangaran, Bekabad, Chirchik, Gazalkent, Keles, Parkent, Toy-Tepa, Yangiabad and Yangiyul, where most productive activities are concentrated. There are also 13 towns and smaller villages.

The territory is rich in copper, brown coal, molybdenum, zinc, gold, silver, rare metals and more.

The administrative center of the Province is the city of Samarkand, with a population of 368,000. Other important towns are Bulungur, Djuma, Ishtikhon, Kattaqurgan, Urgut, and Aktash.

The Republic of Karakalpakistan is situated in the north-western part of Uzbekistan. It occupies the area from the western part of the Kizil-Kum Desert to the Amu-Darya river delta. The Republic’s total area covers 165,600 square kilometers. The climate is typically continental, with very hot summers and cold winters without snow. The population of Karakalpakistan is 1.4 million, mainly Uzbek (32.8%) and Karakalpak (32.1%). About 48% of the population lives in rural areas, while the other 52% live in towns. The Republic is divided into 15 administrative districts, 12 towns and 16 villages, and its administrative center is Nukus which has a population of 236,700. Other significant towns are Beruny, Buston, Khodjeily, Kungrad, Muynaq, Takhiatash, Turtkul, and Chimbad.